Sugar Molecules Detection via C2N Transistor-Based Sensor: First Principles Modeling

Asma Wasfi, Sarah Awwad, Mousa Hussein, Falah Awwad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Real-time detection of sugar molecules is critical for preventing and monitoring diabetes and for food quality evaluation. In this article, a field effect transistor (FET) based on two-dimensional nitrogenated holey graphene (C2N) was designed, developed, and tested to identify the sugar molecules including xylose, fructose, and glucose. Both density functional theory and non-equilibrium Green’s function (DFT + NEGF) were used to study the designed device. Several electronic characteristics were studied, including work function, density of states, electrical current, and transmission spectrum. The proposed sensor is made of a pair of gold electrodes joint through a channel of C2N and a gate was placed underneath the channel. The C2N monolayer distinctive characteristics are promising for glucose sensors to detect blood sugar and for sugar molecules sensors to evaluate food quality. The electronic transport characteristics of the sensor resulted in a unique signature for each of the sugar molecules. This proposed work suggests that the developed C2N transistor-based sensor could detect sugar molecules with high accuracy.

Original languageEnglish
Article number700
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • CN
  • first-principles
  • glucose sensor
  • nitrogenated holey graphene
  • non-equilibrium green’s function (NEGF)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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