Sugarcane wastes into commercial products: Processing methods, production optimization and challenges

Surendra Pratap Singh, M. Jawaid, M. Chandrasekar, K. Senthilkumar, Bhoomika Yadav, N. Saba, Suchart Siengchin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


Sugarcane is a cash crop that has been a significant source of revenue in many countries around the world. In the last few decades, sugarcane mills that were only intended for sugar production were converted into biorefineries. Biorefinery enables the co-production of useful products from the sugarcane wastes such as bagasse, molasses, cane trash, filter mud and vinasse. In certain applications like disposable plates, fly ash, and as reinforcement in polymer composites, bagasse can be directly employed without the need for secondary processing while applications like paper, biochemical, lignosulfonate, vanillin, etc., require secondary processing through the biochemical route involving pre-treatment, acid hydrolysis, and fermentation. Other sugarcane wastes can also be mixed with bagasse to obtain biomethane, bioethanol, and bioelectricity. This article focuses on the recent advancements in such pre-treatment and processing methods employed by the researchers. It also outlines the strategies to co-generate two different products and ways to maximize the product yield and highlights various parameters influencing the process. The challenges that are critical to the sustainability of the sugarcane biorefineries and their mitigations were also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Article number129453
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Publication statusPublished - Dec 15 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Bagasse
  • Bio-refinery
  • Black liquor
  • Challenges
  • Co-generation
  • Pre-treatment
  • Product optimization
  • Sugarcane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • General Environmental Science
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Sugarcane wastes into commercial products: Processing methods, production optimization and challenges'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this