Supercritical fluid extraction for the determination of optimum oil recovery conditions

Ali H. Al-Marzouqi, Abdulrazag Y. Zekri, Baboucarr Jobe, Ali Dowaidar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


CO2 under supercritical (SC) conditions is a powerful solvent capable of extracting hydrocarbons from crude oil. The extraction capacity of CO2 is a function of pressure, temperature and composition of the crude oil. This paper presents the results of a laboratory study investigating the capacity of CO2 to extract hydrocarbons from an oil-saturated soil under a wide range of pressures and temperatures (80-120 bar for temperatures ranging from 40 to 60 °C and 200-300 bar for temperatures varying from 100 to 140 °C). The soil samples were collected from Sahel oil filed, which is near Bu Hasa oil field (Abu Dhabi, UAE) where the crude oil was obtained from. The extracted oil from the SC CO2 process and the residual oil remaining in the soil sample were analyzed by gas chromatography to shed more light on the extraction phenomenon. Extraction efficiency of CO2 increased with pressure and decreased with temperature. Moreover, the amount of extracted heavy fractions increased with pressure for all temperatures. On the other hand, the amount of extracted heavy hydrocarbons decreased with temperature for the low pressure range (80-120 bar) and remained the same for the pressure range of 250-300 bar. The maximum extraction efficiency of CO2 was 72.4%, which was obtained at the highest pressure (300 bar) and a temperature of 100 °C.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-47
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Petroleum Science and Engineering
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2007


  • Compositional analysis of extracts and residues
  • Extraction efficiency
  • Hydrocarbons
  • Supercritical fluid extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Fuel Technology
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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