Surgical management of camel-related craniofacial injuries

Korana Balac, Mohamed A. Al-Ali, Ashraf F. Hefny, Baraa K. Mohamed, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


Background: There are no studies focused on the types and management of camel-related craniofacial injuries. Objectives: We aimed to analyze the pattern of injuries that required surgical management and their specific operative treatment. Methods: We prospectively collected data of all patients who were admitted to Al Ain Hospital with camel-related craniofacial injuries that were treated operatively during the period of January 2015 to January 2020. Results: Eleven patients were studied; all were males having a median (range) age of 29 (19–66) years. Falling from a camel was the most common mechanism of injury (45.5 %) followed by camel bite (36.4 %). The most common injured region was the middle third of the face, which accounted for 56.5% of the bony fractures. Zygomatico-maxillary complex fractures were present in 60% of patients who fell while riding a camel. The most common surgical procedure performed in our patients was an open reduction with internal fixation (54.5%). There was no mortality. Conclusions: camel-related craniofacial injuries are complex. The main mechanism of injury is falling from a camel on the face causing fractures of the zygomatico-maxillary complex. These fractures usually need open reduction with internal fixation. Taking safety precautions may help in injury prevention.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)407-415
Number of pages9
JournalAfrican Health Sciences
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2022


  • Camel
  • face injury
  • head injury
  • surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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