Swarming procedures to solve the novel perturbed delay third order singular model

Zulqurnain Sabir, Salem Ben Said, Wael Al-Kouz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


The current study shows a novel singular perturbed delay third order model (NSPD-TOM) with its two categories using the conventional Lane-Emden mathematical model. The comprehensive details of the perturbed, shape/delay and singular terms are also provided for both categories of the NSPD-TOM. The numerical results for solving the NSPD-TOM are provided by applying the procedures of artificial neural networks together with the optimizations performances of global swarming and local active set methods. The NSPD-TOM is performed based on the accuracy, substantiation, and authenticity using the achieved and exact results comparison. Moreover, the stochastic procedure is further authenticated by applying the statistical operators to solve the NSPD-TOM.

Original languageEnglish
Article number065014
JournalPhysica Scripta
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 1 2023


  • active set
  • artificial neural networks
  • perturbed delay
  • singular
  • swarming procedure
  • third order

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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