Synergic effect of metal-organic frameworks and process parameters on the properties of concrete subjected to accelerated carbonation

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Abstract

This study aims to develop a novel concrete that integrates a metal-organic frameworks (MOF) and accelerated carbonation curing to offset the emissions attributed to cement production. A MOF, NH2-MIL-125(Ti), was synthesized to sequester CO2 in concrete through accelerated carbonation curing. Its impact on the concrete properties was assessed while examining various process parameters, including MOF content, initial curing duration, carbonation curing duration, and carbonation curing pressure. The parameters were evaluated through CO2 uptake, phenolphthalein indicator solution, compressive strength, water absorption, and volume of permeable voids. The microstructure of carbonated MOF-incorporating concrete was characterized using powder X-ray diffraction analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. Experimental results showed that the addition of MOF promoted a higher degree of carbonation of cement, especially with a longer initial curing duration and higher pressure. Incorporating up to 6% MOF, by cement mass, in concrete cured for 20 h in open air, followed by 20 h of carbonation curing at a pressure of 1 bar, led to a CO2 uptake of 19%, carbonation depth of 11 mm, and 28-day strength of 46 MPa, water absorption of 4%, and permeable pore voids volume of 11%. Exceeding 6% MOF addition did not improve the uptake or performance. Microstructure characterization highlighted the formation of calcite, aragonite, and calcium silicate hydrate and the consumption of calcium hydroxide. The MOF-incorporating concrete can be used in construction applications to mitigate CO2 emissions while maintaining concrete performance.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135016
JournalConstruction and Building Materials
Volume414
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2 2024

Keywords

  • Carbonation
  • Concrete
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Microstructure
  • Performance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science

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