Synergistic Effect of Nickel Nanoparticles Dispersed on MOF-Derived Defective Co3O4 In Situ Grown over TiO2 Nanowires toward UV and Visible Light Driven Photothermal CO2 Methanation

Wei Keen Fan, Muhammad Tahir, Hajar Alias

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Catalytic CO2 hydrogenation is an effective approach to producing clean fuels, but this process is expensive, in addition to the low efficiency of catalysts. Thus, photothermal CO2 hydrogenation can effectively utilize solar energy for CH4 production. Metal-organic framework (MOF) derived materials with a controlled structure and morphology are promising to give a high number of active sites and photostability in thermal catalytic reactions. For the first time, a novel heterostructure catalyst was synthesized using a facile approach to in situ grow MOF-derived 0D Co3O4 over 1D TiO2 nanowires (NWs). The original 3D dodecahedral structure of the MOF is engineered into novel 0D Co3O4 nanospheres, which were uniformly embedded over Ni-dispersed 1D TiO2 NWs. In situ prepared 10Ni-7Co3O4@TiO2 NWs-I achieved an excellent photothermal CH4 evolution rate of 8.28 mmol/h at 250 °C under low-intensity visible light, whereas UV light treatment further increased activity by 1.2-fold. UV irradiations promoted high CH4 production while improving the susceptibility of the catalyst to visible light irradiation. The photothermal effect is prominent at lower temperatures, due to the harmonization of both solar and thermal energy. By paralleling with mechanically assembled 10Ni-7Co3O4/TiO2 NWs-M, the catalytic performance of the in situ approach is far superior, attributing to the morphological transformation of 0D Co3O4, which induced intimate interfacial interactions, formation of oxygen vacancies and boosted photo-to-thermal effects. The co-existence of metallic/metal oxide Ni-Co provided beneficial synergies, enhanced photo-to-thermal effects, and improved charge transfer kinetics of the composite. This work uncovers a facile approach to engineering the morphology of MOF derivatives for efficient photothermal CO2 methanation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)54353-54372
Number of pages20
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Volume15
Issue number47
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 29 2023

Keywords

  • CO methanation
  • interfacial engineering
  • MOF derivative
  • Photothermal catalysis
  • renewable fuels

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science

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