Synthesis and Characterization of Titanium Carbide (Ti3C2) MXenes

Azmat Ali Khan, Muhammad Tahir, Nazish Khan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


Owing to the exceptional properties of titanium carbide MXene materials, intensive studies have been carried. In the past several years, an elegant exfoliation approach has been used to successfully create a new family of titanium carbide MXenes, which out as layered materials have attracted attention in investigation of energy conversion applications. In this chapter, different synthesis processes employed for the etching of the MAX phase into titanium carbide MXenes have been summarized. These synthesis processes regulate structure, morphology, and efficiency, that are systematically described. Moreover, synthesis of various morphologies of titanium carbide MXenes is also given. The characterization techniques such as X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Raman spectroscopy, Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FESEM), Transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and photocurrent are discussed to study the properties of titanium carbide MXenes. Finally, a discussion related to challenges and further developments for exploring pathways in the contexts of synthesis and production of promising renewable fuels is presented.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTitanium Carbide MXenes
Subtitle of host publicationSynthesis, Characterization, Energy and Environmental Applications
Number of pages24
ISBN (Electronic)9783527838707
ISBN (Print)9783527350742
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering


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