Tailoring the multi-functionalities of one-dimensional ceria nanostructures via oxygen vacancy modulation

Haiwei Du, Tao Wan, Bo Qu, Jason Scott, Xi Lin, Adnan Younis, Dewei Chu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lattice defects, for example oxygen vacancies in cerium oxide (CeO2), usually play a vital role in determining physical and chemical properties, including catalytic performance and resistance switching behaviour. Here, tin (Sn) was introduced as a dopant in one dimensional CeO2 nanostructures to investigate oxygen vacancy modulation and achieve improved catalytic properties and a tunable electrical performance. Our findings revealed that the Sn-doped CeO2 nanorods maintained their morphology while the aspect ratio decreased gradually with increasing Sn content. The variation in oxygen vacancy concentration with Sn doping was confirmed by Raman and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopies and enhanced thermal catalytic and photo-catalytic performances were attained for the Sn-doped CeO2 nanorods. The variation in oxygen vacancy concentration with Sn doping was also found to influence its electrical properties. Hysteresis loops expressing resistance switching behaviour were observed in Sn-doped CeO2−δ nanorods. The results detailed in this study can help to rationally design nanostructures with the potential to provide desirable multi-functionalities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-314
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Colloid and Interface Science
Volume504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 15 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Catalytic properties
  • CeO nanostructure
  • Oxygen vacancy
  • Resistance switching

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry

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