Temperature-salinity modeling for Ruwais coastal area in United Arab Emirates

Walid Elshorbagy, Mir Hammadul Azam, Abubaker Elhakeem

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A three dimensional rectangular grid model is applied to resolve the temperature-salinity dynamics of Ruwais, a segment of the UAE coast which is well known as dense water formation zone. The model employs a heat flux module and a turbulence closure scheme that facilitate realistic calculation of temperature-salinity dynamics. A field survey campaign is carried out to support the modeling study, involving measurements of tide, currents, temperature, and salinity. Investigation is done for two meteorologically extreme conditions, i.e. summer and winter. The model study showed that the western flux develops an anticlockwise circulation in the study area. The water industrial discharges elevated the temperature and salinity of the water near the southeastern shoreline. This water mass propagated towards north under the influence of gravity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-182
Number of pages13
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 15 2013


  • Coastal
  • Effluents
  • Modeling
  • Ruwais
  • Salinity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution


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