Template free synthesis of graphitic carbon nitride nanotubes mediated by lanthanum (La/g-CNT) for selective photocatalytic CO2 reduction via dry reforming of methane (DRM) to fuels

Ayyaz Muhammad, Muhammad Tahir, Saad S. Al-Shahrani, Arshid Mahmood Ali, Sami Ullah Rather

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

86 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Template-free fabrication of graphitic carbon nitride nanotubes modified with lanthanum (La/g-CNT) for dynamic photo-catalytic CO2 reduction with CH4 has been investigated. Successful fabrication of g-C3N4 nanosheets and nanotubes were obtained with enhanced photo-activity under visible-light. Using 5 wt% La/g-CNT, CO yield of 491 µmole g-cat−1 h−1 was obtained which is 3.6 and 5.9 folds higher than g-CNS and g-CN samples. Similarly, production of H2 was highest over La/g-CNT which was 2.95 folds more than g-CNT and 5.1 times higher than using g-CN. Although, pristine g-CN has more basic sites and larger BET surface area but enhanced photo-activity over La/g-CNT can be attributed to efficient transfer of electrons over 1D structure and separation of charge carriers by La. More interestingly, effect of CH4/CO2 feed ratios was obvious, whereas, highest CO was produced at CH4/CO2 ratio of 1.0 but H2 was maximum with ratio of 2.0. Among the different reaction systems, highest CO was obtained using DRM, while CO2 reduction by H2/H2O promoted both CO and CH4 production. This was obviously due to basic characteristics, sorption competition over the catalyst surface and favorable reverse water gas shift (RWSG) reaction. The stability test further confirmed the suitability of this material which prevailed until three cycles without obvious deactivation. This work will open new opportunities to develop structured nanocalaysts for solar energy based reutilization of CO2 and CH4 for the production of renewable fuels.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144177
JournalApplied Surface Science
Volume504
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 28 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • CO photo-reduction with H/HO
  • Dry reforming of methane
  • Lanthanum loading
  • Structured g-CN nanotubes
  • Template free synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

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