Tensile and compressive properties of unidirectional arenga pinnata fibre reinforced epoxy composite

Aidah Jumahat, Muhamad Faris Syafiq Khalid, Zuraidah Salleh, Mohammad Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


This paper presents a study on the effect of Arenga Pinnata fibre volume fraction on the tensile and compressive properties of Arenga Pinnata fibre reinforced epoxy composite (APREC). The composites were produced using four different Arenga Pinnata fibre volume contents, which were 10vol%, 15vol%, 20vol%, and 25vol%, in unidirectional (UD) fibre alignment. Tensile and compression tests were performed on all APREC specimens in order to investigate the effect of fibre volume fraction on modulus of elasticity, strength and strain to failure. The morphological structure of fractured specimens was observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) in order to evaluate the fracture mechanisms involved when the specimens were subjected to tensile or compressive loading. The results indicated that the higher the amount of Arenga Pinnata fibres, the higher the stiffness of the composites. This is shown by the increment of tensile and compressive modulus of the specimens when the fibre volume content was increased. Tensile modulus increased up to 180% when 25vol% Arenga Pinnata fibre was used in APREC compared to Pure Epoxy specimen. It can also be observed that the tensile strength of the specimens increased 28% from 53.820 MPa (for Pure Epoxy) to 68.692 MPa (for Epoxy with 25vol% APREC addition). Meanwhile, compressive modulus and strength increased up to 3.24% and 9.17%, respectively. These results suggest that the addition of Arenga Pinnata fibres significantly improved the tensile and compressive properties of APREC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)299-308
Number of pages10
JournalPertanika Journal of Science and Technology
Issue numberS7
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Arenga Pinnata
  • Compressive
  • Fibre volume fraction
  • Tensile
  • Unidirectional fibre alignment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Computer Science
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Environmental Science
  • General Agricultural and Biological Sciences


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