The association of perfectionism and active procrastination in college students

Mariana V.C. Coutinho, Aaina Menon, Rasha Hasan Ahmed, Imani Fredricks-Lowman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


It has been shown that perfectionism is a precursor to passive procrastination, which is a form of self-regulation failure, but little is known about the role of perfectionism in active procrastination. Thus, we sought to determine the relationship of high standards and discrepancy with active procrastination, which is a functional form of procrastination linked to better academic performance and psychological well-being. A convenience sample of 175 undergraduate students completed the Almost Perfect Scale-Revised and the Active Procrastination Scale. The results show therewas a negative correlation between discrepancy and active procrastination. Students who perceived a larger discrepancy between their own performance goals and their actual performance were less likely to procrastinate actively. This suggests that the influence of perfectionism on procrastination may extend to active procrastination. Therefore, the implementation of interventions aimed at reducing individuals' perfectionistic tendencies is of great importance.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere10611
JournalSocial Behavior and Personality
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • active procrastination
  • college students
  • goal achievement
  • Maladaptive perfectionism
  • performance discrepancy
  • performance standards

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


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