The Baldrige education criteria for performance excellence framework: Empirical test and validation

Masood Abdulla Badri, Hassan Selim, Khaled Alshare, Elizabeth E. Grandon, Hassan Younis, Mohammed Abdulla

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    89 Citations (Scopus)


    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to empirically test the causal relationships in the Malcolm Baldrige National Quality Award (MBNQA) Education Performance Excellence Criteria. Design/methodology/approach: Using a sample of 220 respondents from 15 United Arab Emirates (UAE) universities and colleges, results of regression analysis and confirmatory structural equation modeling show that all of the hypothesized causal relationships in the Baldrige model are statistically significant. Findings: A comprehensive "measurement model" grounded in the Baldrige Performance Excellence in Education Criteria for the 33 items of measurement is developed, tested, and found to be valid and reliable. Leadership is identified as a driver for all components in the Baldrige System, including measurement, analysis and knowledge management, strategic planning, faculty and staff focus and process management. All Baldrige components (categories) are significantly linked with organizational outcomes as represented by the two categories of organizational performance results and student, stakeholder and market focus. The paper also tests the statistical fit of the only Baldrige model dealing with higher education, which was published in 1998 by Winn and Cameron. Research limitations/implications: The data obtained are based on a sample of UAE higher education institutions. Studies in other countries should be conducted using the developed model to ensure the reliability of the results obtained. Practical implications: A greater understanding of the linkages between the elements making-up the MBNQA Education Performance Excellence Criteria model, facilitating the guiding role that the award models play in the implementation of quality management in higher education. Originality/value: For the first time, an instrument of the MBNQA Education Performance Excellence Criteria is developed and tested. A new in-depth and holistic perspective for examining the relationships and linkages in the MBNQA Education Performance Excellence Criteria model is provided.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1118-1157
    Number of pages40
    JournalInternational Journal of Quality and Reliability Management
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - 2006


    • Baldrige Award
    • Higher education
    • Performance measures
    • Quality awards
    • United Arab Emirates

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Business,Management and Accounting
    • Strategy and Management


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