Up to December 1986, 50 patients with documented hepatic metastases from colorectal carcinoma were treated with 5-fluoro-2-deoxyuridine (FUDR) using Infusaid pumps. The response of liver metastases to regional chemotherapy was studied by computerized tomography (CT) and carcino-embryonal antigen (CEA), and/or CA 19-9 antigen serum assays. Preoperative CEA values were pathological in 94% of the patients but only 48% had a pathological concentration of the antigen CA 19-9 of over 37 U/ml. The course of CEA and CA 19-9 in combination with the arterial angio-CT reflected the response of liver metastases to regional chemotherapy. A decrease or normalisation of CEA and CA 19-9 after the beginning of therapy is an indication of partial or complete remission of metastases (68% of the patients showed lowered CEA serum values). If the marker continues to rise in serum this is a danger signal of progression of liver metastases or of extrahepatic tumor spread if the tumor stage in the liver remains unchanged.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Cancer Research