The diversity and clinical implications of genetic variants influencing clopidogrel bioactivation and response in the Emirati population

Lubna Q. Khasawneh, Habiba Alsafar, Hiba Alblooshi, Mushal Allam, George P. Patrinos, Bassam R. Ali

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Clopidogrel is a widely prescribed prodrug that requires activation via specific pharmacogenes to exert its anti-platelet function. Genetic variations in the genes encoding its transporter, metabolizing enzymes, and target receptor lead to variability in its activation and platelet inhibition and, consequently, its efficacy. This variability increases the risk of secondary cardiovascular events, and therefore, some variations have been utilized as genetic biomarkers when prescribing clopidogrel. Methods: Our study examined clopidogrel-related genes (CYP2C19, ABCB1, PON1, and P2Y12R) in a cohort of 298 healthy Emiratis individuals. The study used whole exome sequencing (WES) data to comprehensively analyze pertinent variations of these genes, including their minor allele frequencies, haplotype distribution, and their resulting phenotypes. Results: Our data shows that approximately 37% (n = 119) of the cohort are likely to benefit from the use of alternative anti-platelet drugs due to their classification as intermediate or poor CYP2C19 metabolizers. Additionally, more than 50% of the studied cohort exhibited variants in ABCB1, PON1, and P2YR12 genes, potentially influencing clopidogrel’s transport, enzymatic clearance, and receptor performance. Conclusions: Recognizing these alleles and genotype frequencies may explain the clinical differences in medication response across different ethnicities and predict adverse events. Our findings underscore the need to consider genetic variations in prescribing clopidogrel, with potential implications for implementing personalized anti-platelet therapy among Emiratis based on their genetic profiles.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2
JournalHuman Genomics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • ABCB1
  • CYP2C19
  • Clopidogrel
  • Emirati population
  • Genetic variants
  • P2Y12R
  • PON1
  • Pharmacogenomics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery


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