The durum wheat plasma membrane Na+/H+ antiporter SOS1 is involved in oxidative stress response

Kaouthar Feki, Sana Tounsi, Khaled Masmoudi, Faiçal Brini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


We have shown previously that the durum wheat TdSOS1 excludes Na+ and Li+ ions outside cells. Moreover, this protein is activated by Arabidopsis kinase SOS2 through phosphorylation. The elimination of both SOS2 phosphorylation sites and the auto-inhibitory domain produces a hyperactive TdSOS1∆972 form, which have a maximal activity independent from the regulatory SOS2/SOS3 complex. We demonstrated that the expression of TdSOS1 enhances salt tolerance of the transgenic Arabidopsis plants. In this study, we analyzed the response to H2O2-induced oxidative stress of the transgenic Arabidopsis expressing one of the two TdSOS1 forms. Firstly, we showed that the exogenous H2O2 treatment leads to an accumulation of SOS1 transcripts in leaves and roots of the durum wheat and also in the transgenic plants. These transgenic plants showed significant oxidative stress tolerance compared to control plants, especially the plants expressing the hyperactive form. This tolerance was manifested by high proline accumulation and low malonyldialdehyde (MDA), O2˙ and H2O2 contents. Furthermore, the activities of three essential ROS scavenging enzymes (SOD, CAT, and POD) were higher in the transgenic plants under oxidative stress, as compared to control plants. Taken together, these data suggested that TdSOS1 plays a crucial role in response to oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1725-1734
Number of pages10
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017


  • Antioxidant enzymes
  • Durum wheat
  • Hyperactive SOS1 form
  • Na/H antiporter SOS1
  • Oxidative stress
  • Reactive oxygen species

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science
  • Cell Biology


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