During the past two years, the novel coronavirus pandemic has dramatically affected the world by producing 4.8 million deaths. Mathematical modeling is one of the useful mathematical tools which has been used frequently to investigate the dynamics of various infectious diseases. It has been observed that the nature of the novel disease of coronavirus transmission differs everywhere, implying that it is not deterministic while having stochastic nature. In this paper, a stochastic mathematical model has been investigated to study the transmission dynamics of novel coronavirus disease under the effect of fluctuated disease propagation and vaccination because effective vaccination programs and interaction of humans play a significant role in every infectious disease prevention. We develop the epidemic problem by taking into account the extended version of the susceptible-infected-recovered model and with the aid of a stochastic differential equation. We then study the fundamental axioms for existence and uniqueness to show that the problem is mathematically and biologically feasible. The extinction of novel coronavirus and persistency are examined, and sufficient conditions resulted from our investigation. In the end, some graphical representations support the analytical findings and present the effect of vaccination and fluctuated environmental variation.
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