Background: Physiologic processes such as childbirth and menopause can alter vulvovaginal aesthetic appearance, reduce sexual satisfaction, and cause symptoms of vulvovaginal atrophy which affects a woman's quality of life. There is debate about whether dynamic quadripolar radiofrequency (DQRF) can be used to improve such conditions. We conducted a meta-analysis of studies among patients undergoing treatment with DQRF. Methods: We conducted a literature search without language or article type restriction in PubMed, Cochrane library and Web of Science from inception to June 1, 2022. We included studies that reported outcomes of DQRF treatment. Article selection and data extraction in a predesigned data extraction form were conducted in duplicate. Individual studies reported outcomes in terms of the pre-and post-intervention repeated measures. Meta-analysis combined results across studies to produce effect sizes using random effects model with 95% confidence intervals (CI) taking into account sampling variance to adjust the estimated precision. PROSPERO: CRD42021227752. Results: The search yielded 781 articles, from which 4 case series (127 participants) were included. Two studies reported a significant improvement in patient and medical evaluation assessments of vulvovaginal aesthetic appearance. Significant improvements were reported by three studies for patient assessed sexual satisfaction/discomfort, vaginal laxity and symptoms of genitourinary syndrome of menopause. Meta-analysis showed a trend towards improvement in aesthetic appearance (4 studies; 0.89; 95% CI-0.15 to 1.93; I275.0%) and sexual satisfaction (2 studies; 0.62; 95% CI-0.03 to 1.27; I20.0%). Conclusion: Dynamic quaripolar radiofrequency is a potentially promising intervention to improve vaginal laxity, appearance and sexual satisfaction, as observed in four monocentric case series. Further studies with a control group, well-defined methods of patient selection and longer follow-up periods are necessary to reach a definitive conclusion.
- dynamic quadripolar radiofrequency
- genitourinary syndrome of menopause
- vaginal laxity
- vulvovaginal atrophy
ASJC Scopus subject areas