The effect of methanol on the ability of several strains of Aspergillus to produce citric acid from galactose has been investigated. In the absence of methanol, very little production (less than 1 g/l) was observed. In the presence of methanol (final concentration 1% v/v), however, citric acid production and yeilds were increased considerably. Strong relationships were observed between citric acid production and the activities of the enzymes 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase and pyruvate carboxylase in cell-free extracts. During citric acid production, in the presence of methanol, the activity of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase was low and that of pyruvate carboxylase high. In the absence of methanol, where little citric acid was produced, the reverse was true. It is suggested that the presence of methanol may increase the permeability of the cell to citrate, and the cell responds to the diminished intracellular level by increasing production via repression of 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology