The effect of the environment on the physical appearance and mood of humans from the perspective of philosophers

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2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This paper seeks to examine the thought of philosophers about the influence of the environment on humans' physical, mental and moral habits, as well as how these philosophers used this influence to categorise individuals according to their habitat. As such this research begins with Herodotus and Hippocrates, and briefly discusses Plato, Aristotle, and seven medieval philosophers belonging to Jewish, Christian, and Islamic religions (Al-Kindi, Eriugena, Al-Farabi, Ibn Sina, Ibn Tufail, Averroes, and Moses Maimonides). Also, this study investigates Montesquieu from the seventh century, eight modern thinkers from the 19th through the 21st centuries, determinism (Carl Ritter, Ellen Churchill Semple, and Ellsworth Huntington), geography of possibilism (Vidal de Blacche, Lucian Febwer, and Cari Sauer), bioregionalism (Richard Evanoff), and meteorology (Frederik Nebeker). Lastly, this study concludes that all aforementioned 19th philosophers agreed that the environment influences human behaviour and physical condition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-92
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Sustainable Society
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Aristotle
  • Averroes
  • Ellen Churchill Semple
  • Montesquieu
  • Moses Maimonides
  • Richard Evanoff

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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