The effects of neuropeptide y on skeletal muscle contractile properties in streptozotocin diabetic rats

M. Ljubisavljevic, A. Qureshi, N. Nagelkerke

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Diabetes induces changes in the structural, biochemical, electrical, and contractile properties of skeletal muscles. Neuropeptide Y (NPY) administered locally can induce angiogenesis in a rat ischemic limb model and restore the contractile function of the ischemic muscle. The effects of NPY on the contractile characteristics of limb skeletal muscles were examined in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Rats were treated with sham pellets (control groups) or NPY-containing pellets (1 mg of NPY/pellet, 14 days releasing time) administered locally to the rat hind limb 2 months after induction of diabetes. Contractile properties and fatigability of the slow-twitch soleus and fast-twitch gastrocnemius medials muscle were compared in control (sham), control NPY, diabetic (sham), and diabetic NPY groups. In order to induce fatigue trains of repetitive tetanic stimulation were used (600 ms/1 s simulation-rest cycle per train, 112 trains at an 85-Hz fusion frequency). Two months of untreated diabetes significantly prolonged soleus contraction and slowed its relaxation, but had minimal effects on soleus tension. NPY ameliorated the diabetic effects on soleus speed-related contractile properties, restoring its contraction and relaxation times. Diabetes significantly reduced gastrocnemius medials tetanic tension, leaving its contractile characteristics mostly unaffected. NPY partially restored gastrocnemius tetanic tension production capacity. Diabetes significantly increased fatigability of both muscles, which was partially restored by NPY, as evidenced by restored endurance of soleus muscle. The results suggest that NPY administered locally tends to normalize muscle performance and improve fatigue resistance of skeletal muscles in streptozotocin diabetes. Further examination is needed to establish the mechanisms of local NPY action on muscle contractile properties in streptozotocin-induced diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)27-32
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and cellular biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2010


  • Diabetes
  • Muscle contractile properties
  • Muscle fatigue
  • NPY
  • STZ

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology


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