The First Detection of a Protostellar CO Outflow in the Small Magellanic Cloud with ALMA

Kazuki Tokuda, Sarolta Zahorecz, Yuri Kunitoshi, Kosuke Higashino, Kei E.I. Tanaka, Ayu Konishi, Taisei Suzuki, Naoya Kitano, Naoto Harada, Takashi Shimonishi, Naslim Neelamkodan, Yasuo Fukui, Akiko Kawamura, Toshikazu Onishi, Masahiro N. Machida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Protostellar outflows are one of the most outstanding features of star formation. Observational studies over the last several decades have successfully demonstrated that outflows are ubiquitously associated with low- and high-mass protostars in solar-metallicity Galactic conditions. However, the environmental dependence of protostellar outflow properties is still poorly understood, particularly in the low-metallicity regime. Here we report the first detection of a molecular outflow in the Small Magellanic Cloud with 0.2 Z , using Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array observations at a spatial resolution of 0.1 pc toward the massive protostar Y246. The bipolar outflow is nicely illustrated by high-velocity wings of CO(3-2) emission at ≳15 km s−1. The evaluated properties of the outflow (momentum, mechanical force, etc.) are consistent with those of the Galactic counterparts. Our results suggest that the molecular outflows, i.e., the guidepost of the disk accretion at the small scale, might be universally associated with protostars across the metallicity range of ∼0.2-1 Z .

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL6
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1 2022

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


Dive into the research topics of 'The First Detection of a Protostellar CO Outflow in the Small Magellanic Cloud with ALMA'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this