The first nationwide surveillance of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales in the United Arab Emirates – increased association of Klebsiella pneumoniae CC14 clone with Emirati patients

UAE CRE Study Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To assess the current prevalence, distribution, and main clonal types of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales (CRE) in the United Arab Emirates. Methods: A total of 504 CRE collected over a 9-month period in 15 hospitals were studied. Antibiotic susceptibility and the presence of common carbapenemase, 16S methylase, and mobile colistin resistance genes were assessed. Selected strains forming larger clusters by pulsed field gel electrophoresis were subjected to whole genome sequencing to identify their sequence types and core genome MLST. Results: Strains expressing OXA and NDM type carbapenemases and 16S methylases were present in all major hospitals. Considerable interhospital differences were noticed, suggesting the role of specific clones. A total of three major Klebsiella pneumoniae clones (CC14, ST231, and CC147) were identified, accounting for 48.6% of all CRE. All clones were significantly more resistant than sporadic isolates. CC14 strains exhibited a significant association with Emirati patients. Conclusions: Nearly half of CRE infections in the country are due to a limited number of clones. The data indicate the possibility of interhospital transmission, combined in some hospitals with inadequate stewardship practices. The study also revealed an association of the largest, most resistant clone (CC14) with Emirati patients. The specific reasons for it should be clarified by further investigations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-112
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Infectious Diseases
Volume120
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2022

Keywords

  • Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacterales
  • Country-wide surveillance
  • Klebsiella pneumoniae ST14
  • Metallo-beta-lactamases
  • Middle East

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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