The frog skin host-defense peptide CPF-SE1 improves glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity and islet function and decreases plasma lipids in high-fat fed mice

Dinesh Srinivasan, Opeolu O. Ojo, Bosede O. Owolabi, J. Michael Conlon, Peter R. Flatt, Yasser H.A. Abdel-Wahab

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract The frog skin host-defense peptide CPF-SE1 has previously been shown to stimulate the in vitro release of insulin from clonal BRIN-BD11 β-cells. In this study, the in vivo effects of the peptide were investigated in male NIH Swiss mice maintained on a high-fat diet to induce obesity and insulin resistance. Insulin-secretory responses of islets isolated from treated and untreated mice and changes in islet morphology were also examined. Total body fat, plasma glucagon, triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations were measured at the end of the treatment period. Acute intraperitoneal administration of CPF-SE1 (75 nmol body weight) to high-fat fed mice together with glucose (18 mmol/kg body weight) improved glucose tolerance and insulin responses compared to high-fat fed controls. Long term administration of CPF-SE1 (twice-daily administration of 75 nmol/kg body weight for 28 days) did not affect body weight or energy intake but decreased circulating glucose and increased insulin concentrations. Insulin sensitivity and insulin-secretory responses of islets to secretagogues were also significantly improved at 28 days in peptide-treated mice. In addition, significant decreases in plasma glucagon concentrations, pancreatic insulin and glucagon content, islet and beta cell area, body fat and plasma triglyceride levels were observed in CPF-SE1 treated with mice. In conclusion, CPF-SE1 improves beta cell function, insulin sensitivity and glycaemic control whilst reducing total body fat and circulating triglyceride levels. The peptide shows potential for development into an agent for treatment of patients with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number70077
Pages (from-to)38-47
Number of pages10
JournalEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volume764
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 7 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Amphibian skin peptide
  • CPF-SE1
  • Insulin sensitivity
  • Insulin-release
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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