The institutionalisation of public-private partnerships in the UK and the nation-state of California

Istemi Demirag, Iqbal Khadaroo, Woodrow Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper explores, from an institutional theory framework, the causes of and responses to the institutionalisation processes of Public Private Partnership (PPP), as a new public management policy in the UK and the nation-state of California. It explores some of the problems of failing to implement the 'desired' objectives of public sector reforms. It argues that although the governments are confronted with similar pressures and have recognised the value of such public-private partnerships, their strategic responses have been significantly different: the UK government is pushing the public sector into 'shared governance' while in California, the state is being 'defiant' by redefining regulation and the deregulated public sector, albeit in an uncoordinated manner and under the strict new national standards and guidelines. The paper demonstrates that there is a need to find 'compromises' and/or 'manipulative' mechanisms between the extremes of either the public or private sector, which has become known as 'civic-markets'.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-213
Number of pages24
JournalInternational Journal of Public Policy
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2009
Externally publishedYes


  • Civic markets
  • Deregulation
  • Governance
  • Institutional theory
  • NPM
  • Nation-state
  • New Public Management
  • PPPs
  • Privatisation
  • Public-Private Partnerships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Public Administration
  • Political Science and International Relations


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