The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites

Bushra Rashid, Zulkiflle Leman, Mohammad Jawaid, Mariyam Jameelah Ghazali, Mohamad Ridzwan Ishak

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)


Sugar palm fibres are one of the natural fibres which have many features and need further study to understand their properties. The aim of this work is to investigate the flexural, compressive and impact properties of sugar palm fibres reinforced phenolic composites. Sugar palm fibres were used as a filler (particle size 150 μm) and with loading of 0, 10, 20, 30, and 40 vol.%. The fibres were treated by sea water and then fabricated into composites by hot press technique. Flexural, compressive, and impact tests were carried out as per ASTM D790, ASTM D695-08a, and ASTM D256 standards, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to investigate the morphology and the interfacial bonding of the fibres-matrix in composites. The results show that the mechanical properties of the composites improve with the incorporation of fibres. The composite of 30 vol.% particle loading exhibit optimum values which are 32.23 MPa, 61.66 MPa, and 4.12 kJ/m2 for flexural, compressive, and impact strength, respectively. This was because good compatibility of fibre-matrix bonding. Consequently, sugar palm fibre is one of the prospective fibres and could be used as a potential resource to reinforcement polymer composite.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1001-1008
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Precision Engineering and Manufacturing
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1 2016
Externally publishedYes


  • Composites
  • Compressive
  • Flexural
  • Impact
  • Phenolic resin
  • Sugar palm fibres

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'The mechanical performance of sugar palm fibres (ijuk) reinforced phenolic composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this