The need for “gentle medicine” in a post Covid-19 world

Gabriel Andrade, Maria Campo Redondo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


As it has historically been the case with many pandemics, the Covid-19 experience will induce many philosophers to reconsider the value of medical practice. This should be a good opportunity to critically scrutinize the way medical research and medical interventions are carried out. For much of its history, medicine has been very inefficient. But, even in its contemporary forms, a review of common protocols in medical research and medical interventions reveal many shortcomings, especially related to methodological flaws, and more importantly, conflicts of interests due to profit incentives. In the face of these problems, we propose a program of “gentle medicine”. This term, originally formulated by philosopher Jacob Stegenga, describes a form of medicine in which physicians intervene less than they currently do. As part of this general program, we advance a series of reform recommendations that could be enacted both by medical staff in their everyday practice, but also by public health officials and policymakers.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-486
Number of pages12
JournalMedicine, Health Care and Philosophy
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Conflicts of interests
  • Gentle medicine
  • Medical interventions
  • Public health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Health Policy


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