The potential of adopting natural fibers reinforcements for fused deposition modeling: Characterization and implications

Muhammad Hamza Nazir, Ali H. Al-Marzouqi, Waleed Ahmed, Essam Zaneldin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Natural fibers or their derivatives have gained significant attention as green fillers or reinforcement materials due to their abundant availability, environment-friendly nature and biodegradability for sustainable development. Despite the availability of modern alternatives such as concrete, glass-fiber/resin composites, steel, and plastics, there is still considerable demand for naturally occurring based materials for different applications due to their low cost, durability, strength, heat, sound, and fire-resistance characteristics. 3D printing has provided a novel approach to the development and advancement of natural fiber-based composite materials, as well as an important platform for the advancement of biomass materials toward intelligentization and industrialization. The features of 3D printing, particularly fast prototyping and small start-up, allow the easy fabrication of materials for a wide range of applications. This review highlights the current progress and potential commercial applications of 3D printed composites reinforced with natural fibers or biomass. This study discussed that 3D printing technology can be effectively utilized for different applications, including producing electroactive papers, fuel cell membranes, adhesives, wastewater treatment, biosensors, and its potential applications in the automobile, building, and construction industries. The research in the literature showed that even if the field of 3D printing has advanced significantly, problems still need to be solved, such as material incompatibility and material cost. Further studies could be conducted to improve and adapt the methods to work with various materials. More effort should be put into developing affordable printer technologies and materials that work with these printers to broaden the applications for 3D printed objects.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere15023
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2023


  • 3D printing
  • Additive manufacturing
  • Clay-based composites
  • Natural fibers
  • Sustainable environment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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