The potential therapeutic role of Camel Milk Exosomes

Norah A. Althobaiti, Sayed Haidar Abbas Raza, Mona N. Binmowyna, Reem D. Aldawsari, Sameh A. Abdelnour, Mahmoud Abdel-Hamid, Dwi Wijayanti, Afaf Kamal-Eldin, Atif Khurshid Wani, Linsen Zan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Exosomes (EXOs) are naturally occurring tiny extracellular nanovesicles, which emancipate into the extracellular environment by exocytosis. By moving vital biological molecules (DNA, mRNA proteins, etc), EXOs contribute to intercellular communications. Camel milk (CM) as a valuable food, is rich of EXO. Nowadays, EXOs are promising delivery agents for several diseases therapy. Camel milk exosomes (CMEXOs) have unique ingredients in comparison to other animal milks. It is documented that CMEXOs reduce the growth of cancer cells through inducing apoptosis, inhibation of oxidative stress and inflammation occurance. By inhibation of inflammatory, and apoptosis pathways, CMEXOs could inhibit numerous of pathways, leading to adverse effects, due to drug levels over the therapeutic window. Moreover, CMEXOs exhibited a prominent property in improving the antioxidant capability in both in vitro and in vivo experiments. Moreover, the anti-Angiogenesis property of CMEXOs was illustrated via decrease in expression of the angiogenesis-related gene; vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). It is expected that exosomal lactoferrin (LF) and kappa casein (KC) mRNAs are crucial parts of CMEXOs mediating their anticancer effects. The immunomodulatory effect of CMEXOs may be attributed to their high contents of LF and KC. According to previous works, CMEXOs are favorable elements in developing new therapeutic methods to remedy innumerable diseases. This review aims to provide an overview on the isolation, characterization and biological activities of the exosomes derived from camel milk for address their possible use in therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnnals of Animal Science
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • Camel milk exosomes
  • anti-inflammatory activity
  • anticancer activity
  • antioxidant activity
  • immuno-modulatory activity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Small Animals
  • Food Animals
  • Animal Science and Zoology


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