The relationship between item parameters and item fit

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    9 Citations (Scopus)


    The effect of item parameters (discrimination, difficulty, and level of guessing) on the item fit statistic was investigated using simulated dichotomous data. Nine tests were simulated using 1, 000 persons, 50 items, three levels of item discrimination, three levels of item difficulty, and three levels of guessing. The item fit was estimated using two fit statistics: the likelihood ratio statistic (ξB2), and the standardized residuals (SRs). All the item parameters were simulated to be normally distributed. Results showed that the levels of item discrimination and guessing affected the item-fit values. As the level of item discrimination or guessing increased, item-fit values increased and more items misfit the model. The level of item difficulty did not affect the item-fit statistic.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)261-270
    Number of pages10
    JournalJournal of Educational Measurement
    Issue number3
    Publication statusPublished - 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Education
    • Developmental and Educational Psychology
    • Applied Psychology
    • Psychology (miscellaneous)


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