The role of open abdomen in non-trauma patient: WSES Consensus Paper

Federico Coccolini, Giulia Montori, Marco Ceresoli, Fausto Catena, Ernest E. Moore, Rao Ivatury, Walter Biffl, Andrew Peitzman, Raul Coimbra, Sandro Rizoli, Yoram Kluger, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan, Massimo Sartelli, Marc De Moya, George Velmahos, Gustavo Pereira Fraga, Bruno M. Pereira, Ari Leppaniemi, Marja A. Boermeester, Andrew W. KirkpatrickRon Maier, Miklosh Bala, Boris Sakakushev, Vladimir Khokha, Manu Malbrain, Vanni Agnoletti, Ignacio Martin-Loeches, Michael Sugrue, Salomone Di Saverio, Ewen Griffiths, Kjetil Soreide, John E. Mazuski, Addison K. May, Philippe Montravers, Rita Maria Melotti, Michele Pisano, Francesco Salvetti, Gianmariano Marchesi, Tino M. Valetti, Thomas Scalea, Osvaldo Chiara, Jeffry L. Kashuk, Luca Ansaloni

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

76 Citations (Scopus)


The open abdomen (OA) is defined as intentional decision to leave the fascial edges of the abdomen un-approximated after laparotomy (laparostomy). The abdominal contents are potentially exposed and therefore must be protected with a temporary coverage, which is referred to as temporal abdominal closure (TAC). OA use remains widely debated with many specific details deserving detailed assessment and clarification. To date, in patients with intra-abdominal emergencies, the OA has not been formally endorsed for routine utilization; although, utilization is seemingly increasing. Therefore, the World Society of Emergency Surgery (WSES), Abdominal Compartment Society (WSACS) and the Donegal Research Academy united a worldwide group of experts in an international consensus conference to review and thereafter propose the basis for evidence-directed utilization of OA management in non-trauma emergency surgery and critically ill patients. In addition to utilization recommendations, questions with insufficient evidence urgently requiring future study were identified.

Original languageEnglish
Article number39
JournalWorld Journal of Emergency Surgery
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017


  • Biological
  • Closure
  • Fistula
  • Laparostomy
  • Mesh
  • Non-trauma
  • Nutrition
  • Open abdomen
  • Pancreatitis
  • Peritonitis
  • Re-exploration
  • Re-intervention
  • Synthetic
  • Technique
  • Timing
  • Vascular emergencies

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Emergency Medicine


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