Three-dimensional response of the supported-deep excavation system: Case study of a large scale underground metro station

Ashraf Hefny, Mohamed Ezzat Al-Atroush, Mai Abualkhair, Mariam Juma Alnuaimi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


The complexities and the economic computational infeasibility associated in some cases, with three-dimensional finite element models, has imposed a motive for many investigators to accept numerical modeling simplification solutions such as assuming two-dimensional (2D) plane strain conditions in simulation of several supported-deep excavation problems, especially for cases with a relatively high aspect ratio in plan dimensions. In this research, a two-dimensional finite element model was established to simulate the behavior of the supporting system of a large-scale deep excavation utilized in the construction of an underground metro station Rod El Farrag project (Egypt). The essential geotechnical engineering properties of soil layers were calculated using results of in-situ and laboratory tests and empirical correlations with SPT-N values. On the other hand, a three-dimensional finite element model was established with the same parameters adopted in the two-dimensional model. Sufficient sensitivity numerical analyses were performed to make the three-dimensional finite element model economically feasible. Results of the two-dimensional model were compared with those obtained from the field measurements and the three-dimensional numerical model. The comparison results showed that 3D high stiffening at the primary walls’ corners and also at the locations of cross walls has a significant effect on both the lateral wall deformations and the neighboring soil vertical settlement.

Original languageEnglish
Article number76
JournalGeosciences (Switzerland)
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020


  • Cross walls
  • Diaphragm wall
  • Ground settlement
  • Lateral deformation
  • Supported deep excavation system
  • Three-dimensional finite element model
  • Wall corners

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences


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