Tilted beam fabry–perot antenna with enhanced gain and broadband low backscattering

Hassan Umair, Tarik Bin Abdul Latef, Yoshihide Yamada, Wan Nor Liza Binti Wan Mahadi, Mohamadariff Othman, Kamilia Kamardin, Mousa I. Hussein, Ali Imran Najam

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Communication with low radar signature platforms requires antennas with low backscatter, to uphold the low observability attribute of the platforms. In this work, we present the design for a Fabry–Perot (F-P) cavity antenna with low monostatic radar cross section (RCS) and enhanced gain. In addition, peak radiation is tilted inthe elevation plane. This is achieved by incorporating phase gradient metasurface (PGM) with absorptive frequency selective surface (FSS). The periodic surface of metallic square loops with lumped resistors forms the absorptive surface, placed on top of a partially reflecting surface (PRS) with an intervening air gap. The double-sided PRS consists of uniform metallic patches etched in a periodic fashion on its upper side. The bottom surface consists of variable-sized metallic patches, to realize phase gradient. The superstrate assembly is placed at about half free space wavelength above the patch antenna resonating at 6.6 GHz. The antenna’s ground plane and PRS together construct the F-P cavity. A peak gain of 11.5 dBi is achieved at 13 tilt of the elevation plane. Wideband RCS reduction is achieved, spanning 5.6–16 GHz, for x-and y-polarizations of normally incident plane wave. The average RCS reduction is 13 dB. Simulation results with experimental verifications are presented.

Original languageEnglish
Article number267
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalElectronics (Switzerland)
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Feb 1 2021


  • Fabry–Perot (F-P) cavity antenna
  • Monostatic radar cross section
  • Phase gradient metasurface
  • RCS reduction
  • Tilted beam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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