Tin oxide - Mesoporous carbon composites as platinum catalyst supports for ethanol oxidation and oxygen reduction

Md Ariful Hoque, Drew C. Higgins, Fathy M. Hassan, Ja Yeon Choi, Mark D. Pritzker, Zhongwei Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Unique tin oxide-mesoporous carbon (SnO2-CMK-3) composites have been synthesized as platinum nanoparticle electrocatalyst supports for low temperature fuel cell applications. In comparison with state-of-the-art commercial carbon-supported platinum (Pt/C) and pure CMK-3-supported platinum (Pt/CMK-3), Pt/SnO2-CMK3 demonstrated improved Pt-mass and surface area based ethanol oxidation reaction (EOR) activity through half-cell electrochemical investigations, providing a 64.7 and 97.6 mV reduction in overpotential at 100 mA mg-1Pt upon comparison to Pt/CMK-3 and commercial Pt/C. Furthermore, improvements to the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) kinetics were observed, with Pt/SnO2-CMK3 providing a kinetic current density of 3.40 mAcm-2 at an electrode potential of 0.9 V vs RHE. The improved performance of Pt/SnO2-CMK-3 for EOR and ORR was attributed to the beneficial impact of the support properties, along with potential interactions occurring between the support and catalyst particles. Complemented by extensive physicochemical characterization, these unique materials show high promise for application in low temperature fuel cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-427
Number of pages7
JournalElectrochimica Acta
Volume121
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ethanol oxidation reaction
  • fuel cell
  • mesoporous carbon
  • metal oxide-carbon composite
  • oxygen reduction reaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Electrochemistry

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