TLRs-JNK/ NF-κB Pathway Underlies the Protective Effect of the Sulfide Salt Against Liver Toxicity

Rania Abdel-latif, Gehan Hussein Heeba, Soha Osama Hassanin, Shaimaa Waz, Amr Amin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is an endogenously gas transmitter signaling molecule with known antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and cytoprotective properties. Although accumulating evidence shows the therapeutic potential of H2S in various hepatic diseases, its role in cyclophosphamide (CP)-induced hepatotoxicity remains elusive. The present study was undertaken to investigate the impact of endogenous and exogenous H2S on toll-like receptors (TLRs)-mediated inflammatory response and apoptosis in CP-induced hepatotoxicity. Either an H2S donor (NaHS (100 μM/kg) or an H2S blocker [dl-propargylglycine (PAG) (30 mg/kg, i. p.)], was administered for 10 days before a single ip injection of CP (200 mg/kg). NaHS attenuated conferred hepatoprotection against CP-induced toxicity, significantly decreasing serum hepatic function tests and improving hepatic histopathology. Additionally, NaHS-treated rats exhibited antioxidant activity in liver tissues compared with the CP group. The upregulated hepatic levels of TLR2/4 and their downstream signaling molecules including c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) were also suppressed by NaHS protective treatment. NaHS showed anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects; reducing hepatic level tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and caspase-3 expression. Interestingly, the cytotoxic events induced in CP-treated rats were not significantly altered upon the blocking of endogenous H2S. Taken together, the present study suggested that exogenously applied H2S rather than the endogenously generated H2S, displayed a hepatoprotective effect against CP-induced hepatotoxicity that might be mediated by TLRs-JNK/NF-κB pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number850066
JournalFrontiers in Pharmacology
Publication statusPublished - Apr 20 2022


  • hepatotoxicity
  • hydrogen sulfide
  • inflammatory response
  • oxidative stress
  • toll-like receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)


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