Toward sustainable cities: Monitoring thermal environment for buildings and pedestrian space using drone-captured 3D thermal imaging

Khaula Alkaabi, Salieu Senghore, Abdel Rhman El Fawair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

UAE's average temperature has risen in recent years and is expected to rise more in the next 40 years, creating a massive heat island agglomeration. Therefore, the demand for energy saving and diversified personal thermal management requires innovative solutions combining advanced building materials and structural designs to provide personal thermal comfort during indoor and outdoor activities. However, due to the complexities of structural designs and their associated materials, analytical and numerical strategies are for revealing real-world scenarios are limited. Therefore, full-scale experiments are required for exploring and demonstrating dynamic scenarios under thermal stress. This study aimed to explore the feasibility of using drone along with various thermal image analysis software that enables thermal photogrammetric mapping for monitoring and classification of heat rates based on building components surveyed across the UAEU campus. Thermal aerial images were collected in March 2022 and analyzed using SPSS, Agisoft Metashape Professional, DJI Thermal Tool, and FLIR for two buildings, A and B, and pedestrian spaces across UAEU's main campus in shaded, unshaded, and green zones. Noramilty and Kruskal-Wallis H tests were applied to examine if there was a statistically significant variation in surface temperatures. The pedestrian space thermal analysis showed that the natural shaded grass surface has the most tolerable heat environment (mean rank = 7.6), while the unshaded sand surface has the most unfriendly thermal environment (mean rank = 52.0), with an 18°C difference in mean surface temperature. The study also revealed the temperature evolution process and its dependence on building materials and structural designs, providing first-hand research data based on building components for the UAE climate, setting the path for future research in the era of sustainability and urban development.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1035546
JournalFrontiers in Built Environment
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 17 2023

Keywords

  • personal thermoregulation
  • sustainable buildings
  • thermal environment
  • urban agglomeration
  • urban heat island

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Building and Construction
  • Urban Studies

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