Toxicity aspects, disposal, recycling, environmental, safety, and health issues of fluoropolymer nanocomposites

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

A fluoropolymer is a fluorocarbon-based polymer with multiple carbon-fluorine bonds. The nanocomposite is a composite with at least one dimension in the nanometer in one of the phases added to polymers to enhance their properties. Nanocomposite materials are developed by mixing two or more phases in nanoscale. A fluoropolymer nanocomposite has high resistance to bases, acids, and solvents. Fluorinated polymers consist of a wide range of elastomer and thermoplastic compounds ranging from amorphous to semicrystalline to fully crystalline, and there are many applications in the petrochemical and electronic industries. Polytetrafluoroethylene and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) are famous fluorine polymers. The fluorinated polymer has been used for membranes in photovoltaics, polymeric hollow fiber, and flat sheets used in CO2 capture from the flue and natural gas. The efficiency of dye-sensitive solar cells can be increased by doping PVDF and co-hexafluoropropylene nanocomposite films with different nanoparticles. This chapter presents the toxicity, environmental, health, and safety aspects, disposal, and recycling possibilities of fluorescent nanocomposites.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAdvanced Fluoropolymer Nanocomposites
Subtitle of host publicationFabrication, Processing, Characterization and Applications
PublisherElsevier
Pages809-820
Number of pages12
ISBN (Electronic)9780323953351
ISBN (Print)9780323957953
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2023

Keywords

  • disposal method
  • environmental concerns
  • Fluoropolymers
  • human health
  • nanocomposite
  • recycling
  • safety

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Chemical Engineering

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