Treatment of concrete wash wastewater from ready-mix concrete operations

Abdel Mohsen Mohamed, Walid El Shorbagy, Imad Mohammed, Essam Abdel Gawad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Wash wastewater generated from ready-mix concrete (RMC) drums poses major environmental problems due to its high alkalinity and elevated heavy metal contents that need to be removed prior to disposal. The present study aims at developing a technology that will be able to reduce chromium and strontium concentrations as well as effluent pH to acceptable disposal levels set by various environmental agencies. Representative samples of wash wastewaters from RMC trucks were prepared and different treatment technologies were evaluated for their efficiencies of removing chromium and strontium present in solution. Sample characterizations indicated that the alkaline wash wastewater contained elevated concentrations of chromium and strontium at levels of 2.59 and 12.26 mg/l, respectively. Treatment of wash wastewater with barium chloride lowered the chromium to non-detectable limits. Whilst treatment with disodium hydrogen phosphate lowered the strontium to less than 0.063 mg/l, it is then hypothesized that sequence treatment of barium chloride, disodium hydrogen phosphate, and carbon dioxide bubbling will result in an effluent solution with acceptable disposal characteristics that satisfy regulatory bodies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)928-939
Number of pages12
JournalDesalination and Water Treatment
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 23 2015


  • Chemical precipitation
  • Chromium
  • Ion speciation
  • Mineral formation
  • Ready-mix concrete
  • Saturation index
  • Strontium
  • Wash wastewater

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Water Science and Technology
  • Ocean Engineering
  • Pollution


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