Treatment-related problems in neonates receiving parenteral nutrition: risk factors and implications for practice

Amal Akour, Lobna Gharaibeh, Omar El Khatib, Khawla Abu Hammour, Noor AlTaher, Salah AbuRuz, Muna Barakat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: Parenteral nutrition (PN) can be associated with several treatment-related problems (TRPs) and complications in neonatal settings. Thus, understanding the extent and type of these problems and related factors is pivotal to prevent negative consequences of these preparations. Thus, the aim of this study is to assess factors affecting TRPs in neonatal patients receiving PN. Methods: This was a retrospective chart review of neonates receiving PN in NICU and other wards. We collected their demographics, and laboratory workup. TRPs related to PN preparations as well as their pharmacotherapy were the primary outcomes. Results: Medical charts of 96 neonate were reviewed. The most encountered TRPs related to patients’ pharmacotherapy were the lack of frequent monitoring (34.2%) and low dose (17.5%). For PN-related TPRs, a mismatch between patients’ nutritional needs and PN composition was observed in third of the patients. Statistically significant positive correlations between number of medications during hospital stay and number of reported TRPs [(r = 0.275, p < 0.01) and (r = 0.532, p < 0.001)] were observed. Conclusion: In neonates who receive parenteral nutrition (PN), TRPs are often observed. These problems primarily arise from issues in patients’ pharmacotherapy, namely monitoring and dosing. Identifying the risk factors for these TRPs emphasizes the full and effective integration of clinical pharmacists into the healthcare team, which can serve as a potential preventive strategy to lower the occurrence of TRPs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4
JournalBMC Pediatrics
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024


  • Intensive care unit
  • Neonates
  • Parenteral nutrition
  • Treatment-related problems

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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