Treatment Update of Port-Wine Stain: A Narrative Review

Regina Fölster-Holst, Ratnakar Shukla, Martin Kassir, Hassan Galadari, Torello Lotti, Uwe Wollina, Stephan Grabbe, Mohamad Goldust

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


BACKGROUND: Port-wine stain (PWS) is a congenital vascular malformation affecting 0.3–0.5% of normal population. These characteristic lesions arise due to the interplay of vascular, neural, and genetic factors. Treatment options include lasers, cosmetic tattooing, electrotherapy, cryosurgery, derma-abrasion, and skin grafting; however, none of these treatment alternatives appears to be satisfactory and is unable to provide consistent, satisfactory responses or even complete cures. Currently, laser is the treatment of choice, as it is comparatively safe and more effective than other procedures. The most commonly used modality is pulsed dye laser (PDL). The literature research includes peer-reviewed articles (clinical trials or scientific reviews). Studies were identified by searching electronic databases (MEDLINE and PubMed) to January 2020 and reference lists of respective articles. Only articles published in English language were included. J Drugs Dermatol. 20(5): doi:10.36849/JDD.5005.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)515-518
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of drugs in dermatology : JDD
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


Dive into the research topics of 'Treatment Update of Port-Wine Stain: A Narrative Review'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this