Trends in Solar Powered Water Desalination Using Hydrogels: A Short Review

Bathina Chaitanya, Md Zishan Akhter, Tholkappiyan Ramachandran, Ali Hassan Al-Marzouqi, Farag Khalifa Omar

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Just as Benjamin Franklin said, 'When the well's dry, we know the worth of water', rapid increases in population, urbanization, and climate change are posing severe water stress conditions in recent times. This problem is becoming grim in the developing world and is expected to affect half of the world's population by the middle of this century. In its response, transpiration process-inspired, solar-powered water desalination using biomimetic morphing hydrogels has recently been gaining attention. However, the selection of suitable absorber material to capture full solar spectra, engineering water transport channels for better conversion efficiency, and designing optimum surface topology and vapor generation are bottleneck challenges for practical implementation. Correspondingly, we intend to attend these challenges by developing scalable, low-cost, and eco-friendly hydrogel. We present a short literature review to select suitable absorber materials, polymer networks, and fabrication processes.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences, ASET 2023
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781665454742
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023
Event2023 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences, ASET 2023 - Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Duration: Feb 20 2023Feb 23 2023

Publication series

Name2023 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences, ASET 2023

Conference

Conference2023 Advances in Science and Engineering Technology International Conferences, ASET 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited Arab Emirates
CityDubai
Period2/20/232/23/23

Keywords

  • 2-D Materials
  • Desalination
  • Hydrogel
  • MXenes
  • Solar absorption
  • Transpiration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Control and Optimization
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Decision Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Fuel Technology

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