Tunable fabrication of carbon nanofibers from renewable and waste resources

E. Svinterikos, M. Al-Marzouqi, A. M. Soliman, Ioannis Zuburtikudis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The research presented here reports the utilization of biorenewable and waste resources for the development of versatile adsorbents for wastewater remediation. Lignin was blended with recycled poly(ethylene terephthalate) and spun into nanofibers of controlled diameter via electrospinning. The nanofibers were carbonized and activated under N2 and CO2 respectively at 600 oC, in order to transform them into activated carbon nanofibers (ACNFs). These ACNFs have a mesoporous structure with BET surface area around 314 m2/g and average pore width 6.7 nm. After treating them with HNO3, the ACNFs were used for the successful adsorption of Pb2+ ions from aqueous solutions. The fitting of the Langmuir adsorption isotherm reveals that they exhibit a theoretical maximum adsorption capacity of 23.75 milligrams of Pb2+ per gram of ACNFs.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSeparations Division 2017 - Core Programming Area at the 2017 AIChE Annual Meeting
PublisherAIChE
Pages668-676
Number of pages9
ISBN (Electronic)9781510857919
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventSeparations Division 2017 - Core Programming Area at the 2017 AIChE Annual Meeting - Minneapolis, United States
Duration: Oct 29 2017Nov 3 2017

Publication series

NameSeparations Division 2017 - Core Programming Area at the 2017 AIChE Annual Meeting
Volume2

Other

OtherSeparations Division 2017 - Core Programming Area at the 2017 AIChE Annual Meeting
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityMinneapolis
Period10/29/1711/3/17

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Energy
  • General Engineering

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