Ultra-Wideband Compact Fractal Antenna for WiMAX, WLAN, C and X Band Applications

Mohamed Marzouk, Youssef Rhazi, Ibrahime Hassan Nejdi, Fatima Ezzahra Zerrad, Mohamed Saih, Sarosh Ahmad, Adnan Ghaffar, Mousa Hussein

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, a compact dual-wideband fractal antenna is created for Bluetooth, WiMAX, WLAN, C, and X band applications. The proposed antenna consists of a circularly shaped resonator that contains square slots and a ground plane where a gap line is incorporated to increase the gain and bandwidth with a small volume of 40 × 34 × 1.6 mm3. The patch was supported by the FR4 dielectric, which had a permittivity of 4.4 and tan δ = 0.02. A 50 Ω microstrip line fed this antenna. The antenna was designed by the HFSS program, and after that, the simulated results were validated using the measured results. The measurement results confirm that the suggested antenna achieves dual-band frequencies ranging from 2.30 to 4.10 GHz, and from 6.10 GHz to 10.0 GHz, resonating at 2.8, 3.51, 6.53, and 9.37 GHz, respectively, for various applications including commercial, scholarly, and medical applications. Moreover, the antenna’s ability to operate within the frequency range of 3.1–10.6 GHz is in accordance with the FCC guidelines for the use of UWB antennas in breast cancer detection. Over the operational bands, the gain varied between 2 and 9 dB, and an efficiency of 92% was attained. A good agreement between the simulation and the measured results was found.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4254
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - May 2023


  • Ansys HFSS simulation
  • microstrip patch antenna
  • ring antenna
  • slot antenna
  • transmission-line
  • ultra-wideband
  • wireless communications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Information Systems
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Biochemistry
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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