Ultrasonic estimation of fetal weight at term: An evaluation of eight formulae

Hisham M. Mirghani, Sarath Weerasinghe, Mutaira Ezimokhai, John R. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


Aim: To compare the accuracy of eight sonographic formulae for predicting fetal birth weight at term in a multiethnic population. Methods: Pregnant women at term who were booked for induction of labor or elective cesarean section were included in the study. Eight ultrasonic fetal biometric formulae were used to predict fetal birth weight. Results: A total of 173 patients were included in the study; 53 (30.6%) patients were from the Indian subcontinent, 44 (25.4%) patients were from Africa, 33 (19.1%) patients were from the Arabian Peninsula and 43 (24.9%) were from other ethnic groups. The mean absolute error ranged from a minimum of 0.3% (±11.3) for Hadlock (biparietal diameter [BPD], head circumference [HC], abdominal circumference [AC], femur length [FL]) to a maximum of 37.5% (±10.0) for Warsof (FL). The correlation of estimated fetal weight with actual birth weight ranged from a minimum of 0.09 with Warsof (FL) to a maximum of 0.77 with Shepard and Warsof (BPD, AC) and Hadlock (BPD, HC, AC, FL). The combination of AC with BPD measurements rather than FL achieves a high level of accuracy. Conclusions: Shepard (BPD, AC) provides a simple and accurate logarithm for the prediction of fetal weight at term in the studied multiethnic population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)409-413
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2005
Externally publishedYes


  • Birth weight
  • Fetal biometry
  • Ultrasound

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology


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