Ultraviolet photodetector based on ZnO nanorods grown on a flexible PDMS substrate

Borhan A. Albiss, M. Ali AL-Akhras, Ihab Obaidat

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25 Citations (Scopus)


A flexible, reproducible, sensitive and low-cost ultraviolet (UV) detector has been fabricated based on zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods grown on a patterned polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) substrate. The substrate was seeded with ZnO nanoparticles synthesised via simple low-temperature hydrothermal method using pomegranate peel extract as a reducing agent. The produced ZnO-nanorods/PDMS (ZnO-NR/PDMS) samples were tested for their UV-sensing properties. Samples were characterised using scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, I–V characteristics, UV-Vis spectroscopy and photoluminescence measurements. The UV photoresponse mechanism of prototype UV detector was analysed. The detector exhibited quite high on/off ratios between photoresponse current and dark current. With the flexible PDMS substrate, the detector photoresponse was tested with and without bending and exhibited a very slight change in the photoresponse current. The detector current–time response was also tested under various UV light intensities for three test cycles to examine the detector stability, hysteresis behaviour and performance. It is anticipated that the fabrication of ZnO-NR/PDMS UV detector may have significant potential application in flexible optoelectronic devices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)339-348
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Analytical Chemistry
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Mar 16 2015


  • flexible substrate
  • green synthesis
  • polydimethylsiloxane
  • ultraviolet light detection
  • zinc oxide nanorods

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Water Science and Technology
  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Soil Science
  • Pollution
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis


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