Unsafe sexual behaviour in domestic and foreign migrant male workers in multinational workplaces in Jordan: Occupational-based and behavioural assessment survey

Rami Al Rifai, Keiko Nakamura, Kaoruko Seino, Masashi Kizuki, Ayako Morita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: To examine the prevalence of unsafe sexual behaviour, sexually transmitted infection (STI)-related knowledge, health and work-related conditions, and correlates of practising unsafe sex among domestic and foreign male workers in multinational workplaces in Jordan. Design: Cross-sectional behavioural assessment survey. Setting: Multinational workplaces in Jordan. Participants: 230 Jordanian and 480 foreign male workers aged ≥18 years who had worked in a Qualified Industrial Zone (QIZ) for 12 months or more. Outcomes: The primary outcome was the prevalence of practising unsafe sex. 'Unsafe sex' was defined as sex with a non-regular sexual partner with inconsistent condom usage. Results: Overall, 74.3% of workers reported lifetime sexual experience. The proportion of lifetime unsafe sex was similar among domestic (31.8%) and foreign (35.6%) workers. Of those, 59.2% of domestic and 68.1% of foreign workers started practising unsafe sex after joining the QIZ. Rates of lifetime unsafe sex were significantly higher among those who had their sexual debut after joining the QIZ in domestic (aOR, 2.2, 95% CI 1.1 to 4.4) and foreign workers (aOR, 2.4, 95% CI 1.4 to 4.1). Among the domestic workers, being 18-24 years old (aOR, 4.9), unmarried (aOR, 4.8), working in the QIZ for 5-8 years (aOR, 5.0), sometimes/frequently shopped with foreign workers (aOR, 2.1) or were current/exalcohol drinkers (aORs, 3.4) were independently significantly associated with higher odds of practising unsafe sex. Conclusions: A significant proportion of domestic and foreign male workers had been practising unsafe sex. The findings indicated that not only foreigners but also domestic male workers associating with foreign workers are at high risk of unsafe sex. Tailored interventions to promote safer sex in multinational workplaces in Jordan are needed.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere007703
JournalBMJ Open
Volume5
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine

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