TY - JOUR

T1 - Unsteady Water-Based Ternary Hybrid Nanofluids on Wedges by Bioconvection and Wall Stretching Velocity

T2 - Thermal Analysis and Scrutinization of Small and Larger Magnitudes of the Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticles

AU - Animasaun, Isaac Lare

AU - Al-Mdallal, Qasem M.

AU - Khan, Umair

AU - Alshomrani, Ali Saleh

N1 - Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors.

PY - 2022/11

Y1 - 2022/11

N2 - The uniqueness of nanofluids in the field of thermal analysis and engineering is associated with their thermal conductivity and thermodynamics. The dynamics of water made up of (i) single-walled carbon nanotubes with larger magnitudes of thermal conductivity of different shapes (i.e., platelet, cylindrical, and spherical) and (ii) moderately small magnitudes of thermal conductivity (i.e., platelet magnesium oxide, cylindrical aluminum oxide, spherical silicon dioxide) were explored in order to address some scientific questions. In continuation of the exploration and usefulness of ternary hybrid nanofluid in hydrodynamics and geothermal systems, nothing is known on the comparative analysis between the two dynamics outlined above due to the bioconvection of static wedges and wedges with stretching at the wall. Reliable and valid numerical solutions of the governing equation that models the transport phenomena mentioned above are presented in this report. The heat transfer through the wall increased with the wall stretching velocity at a smaller rate of (Formula presented.) and a higher rate of (Formula presented.) when the larger and smaller thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used, respectively. Larger or smaller magnitudes of the thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used; the wall stretching velocity had no significant effects on the mass transfer rate but the distribution of the gyrotactic microorganism was strongly affected. Increasing the stretching at the wedge’s wall in the same direction as the transport phenomenon is suitable for decreasing the distribution of temperature owing to the higher velocity of ternary hybrid nanofluids either parallel or perpendicular to the wedge.

AB - The uniqueness of nanofluids in the field of thermal analysis and engineering is associated with their thermal conductivity and thermodynamics. The dynamics of water made up of (i) single-walled carbon nanotubes with larger magnitudes of thermal conductivity of different shapes (i.e., platelet, cylindrical, and spherical) and (ii) moderately small magnitudes of thermal conductivity (i.e., platelet magnesium oxide, cylindrical aluminum oxide, spherical silicon dioxide) were explored in order to address some scientific questions. In continuation of the exploration and usefulness of ternary hybrid nanofluid in hydrodynamics and geothermal systems, nothing is known on the comparative analysis between the two dynamics outlined above due to the bioconvection of static wedges and wedges with stretching at the wall. Reliable and valid numerical solutions of the governing equation that models the transport phenomena mentioned above are presented in this report. The heat transfer through the wall increased with the wall stretching velocity at a smaller rate of (Formula presented.) and a higher rate of (Formula presented.) when the larger and smaller thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used, respectively. Larger or smaller magnitudes of the thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used; the wall stretching velocity had no significant effects on the mass transfer rate but the distribution of the gyrotactic microorganism was strongly affected. Increasing the stretching at the wedge’s wall in the same direction as the transport phenomenon is suitable for decreasing the distribution of temperature owing to the higher velocity of ternary hybrid nanofluids either parallel or perpendicular to the wedge.

KW - cylindrical aluminum oxide nanoparticles

KW - platelet magnesium oxide

KW - spherical silicon dioxide nanoparticles

KW - SWCNT nanoparticles

KW - ternary hybrid nanofluids

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U2 - 10.3390/math10224309

DO - 10.3390/math10224309

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85142511985

SN - 2227-7390

VL - 10

JO - Mathematics

JF - Mathematics

IS - 22

M1 - 4309

ER -