Unsteady Water-Based Ternary Hybrid Nanofluids on Wedges by Bioconvection and Wall Stretching Velocity: Thermal Analysis and Scrutinization of Small and Larger Magnitudes of the Thermal Conductivity of Nanoparticles

Isaac Lare Animasaun, Qasem M. Al-Mdallal, Umair Khan, Ali Saleh Alshomrani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The uniqueness of nanofluids in the field of thermal analysis and engineering is associated with their thermal conductivity and thermodynamics. The dynamics of water made up of (i) single-walled carbon nanotubes with larger magnitudes of thermal conductivity of different shapes (i.e., platelet, cylindrical, and spherical) and (ii) moderately small magnitudes of thermal conductivity (i.e., platelet magnesium oxide, cylindrical aluminum oxide, spherical silicon dioxide) were explored in order to address some scientific questions. In continuation of the exploration and usefulness of ternary hybrid nanofluid in hydrodynamics and geothermal systems, nothing is known on the comparative analysis between the two dynamics outlined above due to the bioconvection of static wedges and wedges with stretching at the wall. Reliable and valid numerical solutions of the governing equation that models the transport phenomena mentioned above are presented in this report. The heat transfer through the wall increased with the wall stretching velocity at a smaller rate of (Formula presented.) and a higher rate of (Formula presented.) when the larger and smaller thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used, respectively. Larger or smaller magnitudes of the thermal conductivity of nanoparticles were used; the wall stretching velocity had no significant effects on the mass transfer rate but the distribution of the gyrotactic microorganism was strongly affected. Increasing the stretching at the wedge’s wall in the same direction as the transport phenomenon is suitable for decreasing the distribution of temperature owing to the higher velocity of ternary hybrid nanofluids either parallel or perpendicular to the wedge.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4309
JournalMathematics
Volume10
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • SWCNT nanoparticles
  • cylindrical aluminum oxide nanoparticles
  • platelet magnesium oxide
  • spherical silicon dioxide nanoparticles
  • ternary hybrid nanofluids

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science (miscellaneous)
  • General Mathematics
  • Engineering (miscellaneous)

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