Untargeted metabolomics analysis of non-volatile metabolites and dynamic changes of antioxidant capacity in Douchi with edible mushroom by-products

Pei Xiu Rong, Xiao Qin He, Mutamed Ayyash, Yi Liu, Ding Tao Wu, Fang Geng, Hua Bin Li, Bee Siew Ng, Hong Yan Liu, Ren You Gan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    This study investigated the non-volatile metabolites and antioxidant activity of Douchi, an edible mushroom by-product. A total of 695 non-volatile metabolites were detected using UPLC-MS/MS-based metabolomics analysis, and the greatest impact on metabolite composition was observed during Koji-making and the first 5 days of post-fermentation. Throughout the fermentation process, 366 differential metabolites were identified, with flavonoids being the most prominent followed by amino acids and their derivatives, which were found to be important for the quality of edible mushroom by-product Douchi (EMD). The antioxidant capacity of EMD significantly increased with the longer fermentation time, which might be associated with the conversion of isoflavone glycosides to aglycones, amino acids and their derivatives, free fatty acids, group A saponins, and phenolic acids. These findings suggested that different fermentation phases of EMD significantly affected the non-volatile metabolite profile and antioxidant capacity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Article number137066
    JournalFood Chemistry
    Volume431
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - Jan 15 2024

    Keywords

    • Antioxidant activity
    • Douchi
    • Fermentation
    • Metabolomics
    • UPLC-MS/MS

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Analytical Chemistry
    • Food Science

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