Introduction: This study investigated self-paced voluntary oscillations of scoliotic and non-scoliotic girls. Temporal variables and frequency coherence were calculated for the overall, low and high frequency bandwidths of the center of pressure excursions and free-moment to identify which variables best describe sway balance modalities in both groups. Methods: Twenty-three girls with adolescent idiopathic moderate scoliosis (spinal curves to the right) formed the scoliotic group and 19 matched able-bodied girls formed the non-scoliotic group. Each girl performed self-paced voluntary medio-lateral and antero-posterior sways while standing on a force platform. Center of pressure displacements, out of plane deviation and free-moment were measured and their frequency content calculated. The magnitude of the coherence was calculated for each signal pairs for three frequency ranges. Results: In both sway conditions, the center of pressure excursion parameters were on average 28% higher for the scoliotic group. Factor analysis revealed that balance modalities were essentially based on frequency coherence pair interactions whereas temporal parameters play a secondary role. However, these balance modalities were altered in the scoliotic group. They relied essentially on 2 additional principal components and 3 additional variables reflecting a fine tuning of the control mechanism to maintain dynamic balance. Interpretation: Scoliotic girls appear to be performing a wide ellipsoidal trajectory when performing whole body oscillations. Superfluous variables could be related to the difficulty in preserving balance during body sway tasks and could parasitize the scoliotic dynamic control balance modalities. Self-paced voluntary sways could be an appropriate complementary balance test for untreated scoliotic girls.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Complementary and Manual Therapy
- Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation
- Complementary and alternative medicine